Saturday, May 23, 2020

Review of a Production of William Shakespeare´s Hamlet

Hamlet Review â€Å"To be or not to be, that is the question.† That is a question that should be asked about this play. Is this play meant to be or not? On February 4th, 2014 The Shakespeare Company of Boston came to Catholic Memorials Ronald Perry Gymnasium to perform an truncated version of Hamlet, produced by Ross MacDonald. Overall I will give this play a total of 2 out of five stars. I do not believe this play is worth seeing unless you are truly a fan of Shakespeare. In this production, Hamlets father Hamlet was murdered not even 2 months later his uncle committed an incestuous act and married Hamlets mother. Hamlet, with strong objection, seeks out his uncle to determine his father’s murderer. The plays the thing wherein Ill catch the conscience of the King. MacDonald did a decent job getting the plot across but some word needed to be done on all parts of the production including but not limited too; the Acting, the actors/actoresses and the setting/stage. The setting, props, and stage were less than stellar but it is understandable with the available resources. In a high school gymnasium you will not be able to mimic a Broadway play. That being said the setting and props were not up to par with what they should have been. For example, when Polonius was stabbed in the Queens closet it was not very believable. He hid behind a red curtain that was stage left which looked believable but when Hamlet moved the curtain to discover it was Polonius you could clearlyShow MoreRelatedHamlet Theme Of Death1278 Words   |  6 PagesBeyond the Wall of Death (A analysis of the theme of death in Hamlet, Acts 3-5) â€Å"The undiscovered country, from whose bourn No traveller returns, puzzles the will,† (Shakespeare 144 Act 3 scene 1 lines 86-87). The question that still plagues humanity today. What is after death, where do we go? No one of this earth can answer this question. In the play Hamlet, by William Shakespeare, the theme of death is one of the main themes of this famous play. The theme of death continues throughout the entireRead More The Politics of Contemporary Approaches to Shakespeare Essay3166 Words   |  13 PagesAbstract Postmodern performance of Shakespeare, particularity in film, is characterized by a subjective experience within the play not an objective experience from the play. Under postmodernism, Shakespeare undergoes theorizing, deconstruction, displacement or death of the author, textual criticism, and cultural and political relativism but fails to produce solid answers. Postmodern Shakepseare does not offer new meanings but new and more possibilities for contemplating meaning. This fails bothRead MoreAnalysis Of Shakespeare s Hamlet 1609 Words   |  7 Pagesechoes and expounds upon the famous â€Å"To be, or not to be† (Hamlet 3.1.56). The former quote was written by none other than Danish philosopher and poet, Sà ¸ren Kierkegaard. Born in 1813, Sà ¸ren Kierkegaard was well acquainted with Shakespeare’s text and often referred to it in his writings. When watching Kenneth Branagh’s unique, unabridged adaptation of Hamlet, it is apparent that Kenneth Branagh was able to capture how similar his Hamlet and Sà ¸ren are in character while making his mark in cinematographyRead MoreThe Role Of Hamlet Developed Through English And Russian Theatre?2871 Words   |  12 PagesHow has the character of Hamlet developed through English and Russian Theatre? Hamlet, the main character from one of the most famous Shakespeare s plays The Tragical Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke, is one of the most popular and well-known characters around the world (it is very difficult to find a person who hasn’t heard about him). William Shakespeare created an epic story about a young man, his way to revenge and his internal spiritual fight with his soul full of melancholy. The depthRead MorePsychoanalytic Ideas And Shakespeare By Inge Wise And Maggie Mills1420 Words   |  6 PagesPsychoanalytic Ideas and Shakespeare, edited by Inge Wise and Maggie Mills, Published by Karnac Books , London , 2006 ; research and descriptions by numerous authors who wrote on the writing works of Shakespeare, Freud’s work on the psychological works on Shakespeare in general are used throughout the book . The authors focus on psychopathic fiction characters in six plays Hamlet, Macbeth, twilight nights, King Lear, and the Tempest. The book when you re ad the reviews and the induction of the bookRead MoreHistory of Statistics1100 Words   |  5 Pageshave allowed statisticians to develop computer-intensive methods.   The Word  statistics  have been derived from Latin word â€Å"Status† or the  Italian word  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Statista†, meaning of these words is â€Å"Political State† or a Government. Shakespeare used a word Statist is his drama Hamlet (1602). In the past, the  statistics  was used by rulers. The application of  statistics  was very limited but rulers and kings needed information about lands,  agriculture,  commerce, population of their states to assess their militaryRead More Locating Macbeth at the Thresholds of Time, Space and Spiritualism 2629 Words   |  11 Pageseffects produced by a policy of confinement of the social outsider. Three centuries earlier, William Shakespeare completed and staged what are now considered the greatest and most evil of all his tragedies, the tragedy of Macbeth. Themes of witchcraft, infanticide, suicide and death pervade the fabric of the play, which possibly contributes to the theatrical superstition that surrounds its production to this day. Nevertheless, it seems curious to me the play is seldom discussed as one that focusesRead MoreShakespeare And Modern Popular Culture Essay2041 Words   |  9 PagesShakespeare and Modern Popular Culture. By Douglas Lanier. Reviewed by Jari Ullah. M.Phil. Roll# 10 Shakespeare and Modern Popular Culture by Douglas Lanier introduce us to the Shakespeare of later-days and its multiple â€Å"appropriations†. The book is a collection and an anthology of appropriations, adaptations, tourism, festivals, his history, allusions, citations and Bard’s other contemporary versions of his collective works. Lanier is of the view that cultural productions have little to do withRead MoreSoftware Testing Is A Technical Task3196 Words   |  13 PagesArt of Software Testing Prof.Sheetal N.Khanore Bunts Sangha`s S.M.Shetty College Science, Commerce and Management Studies, Abstract Software testing is a technical task, but it also involves some important considerations of economics and human psychology. In technical aspects it is the process of analyzing a software item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions (that is defects/errors/bugs) and to evaluate the features of the software item†. A software error occursRead MoreCleanth Brookss Essay Irony as a Principle of Structure9125 Words   |  37 Pagesliterary critics teach in literature departments and publish in academic journals, and more popular critics publish their criticism in broadly circulating periodicals such as the Times Literary Supplement, the New York Times Book Review, the New York Review of Books, the London Review of Books, The Nation, and The New Yorker. Contents[hide] * 1 History of literary criticism * 1.1 Classical and medieval criticism * 1.1.1 Key texts * 1.2 Renaissance criticism * 1.2.1 Key texts

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Adopting A Single Parent Family - 978 Words

In contemporary society, due to various factors, there are many children whose parents have died or cannot raise them as well as abandoned infants. In order to solve this inevitable situation, some couples and a single man or woman who have the ability to raise the kids will apply for the qualifications to adopt them. However, some people pose a question that should single people be able to adopt children as easily as couples. With a lot of attention, this topic has become a very intriguing argument. Nowadays, having two parents is not any more the essential condition of properly raising a kid. Children raised in single adoptive parent families can be just as progressive with the aspects of emotional, education and living skills as other adopted children who have two parents. The latest research indicates that the possibility of creating a perfect growing environment in a single parent family is the same as that of two-parent family, therefore, single people who have the ability to p rovide spiritual and material support for the child should be able to adopt children as easily as couples. One reason why some people oppose is that they think initiative to have a single-parent family is unconventional. I have to say that this concept is too conservative and out of date. In today s pluralistic society, some men and women are celibates but they also have the desire to raise a kid. The only difference between them and the couple is a lack of a partner. But that does not meanShow MoreRelatedArgumentative Essay About Gay Adoption1295 Words   |  6 Pagesbiological parents or a heterosexual couple, to do so. One positive view of gay adoption is that it gives the gay couple the chance to start their own family and give a child in care a new start to life in a loving home. This will allow the couple to love and care for the child just as much as they would if the child was living with their own biological parents. Gay couples who want to adopt a child will give the same loving family home just like a heterosexual couple or single parent would. ForRead MoreAdoption For A Child s Life1609 Words   |  7 PagesCommonly, a person can attend about any adoption agency as well as seminar of professionals or child-seeking parents and normally the attendees present are female. The ideal question focuses on the adoptive fathers’ role in the child’s life and if his role should be overlooked. In order to understand a fathers’ role whether birth or adoptive, one must understand each man’s route to adoption, unique circumstances, and characteristics (Siegal, 2003). Nonethele ss, there are many different routes toRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography Essay1443 Words   |  6 PagesPre AP English II Annotated Bibliography Stone, A.. Both sides on gay adoption cite concern for children. Usa today. Gannett Co. Inc., 2006. Web. 18 Apr 2012 The article is about a couple who is gay having to move in order for both gay parents to get custody of the adopted child. It talks about the statistics of foster care and the number of kids being adopted right now. The numbers are very low and even for gays, its extremely low. It also states that gays are some good candidates forRead MoreHow Children Can Be A Blessing1286 Words   |  6 Pagesearly foundation in New York. Each year people are having children and leave them uncared for. Other loving parents or partners who are willing to take in an unloved child and raise him or her as their own has to go through a long process in order to qualify. Unfortunately, not all children find the loving comfort that they need and are returned to the foster homes or are treated bad. Adopting children can be a blessing, but not all children receive the love. Charles Loring Brace was the son of twoRead MoreSame Sex Parenting is Just as Effective as Straight Parenting997 Words   |  4 Pagesa loving family since his past family decided to put him up for adoption. Then there is a same sex couple wishing to be able to adopt a child so their family can be complete, but sadly the same sex couple can’t adopt the child because of anti-gay groups that frown upon it. Think about it this way, would you rather have a sad and lonely child stuck in an adoption center, or a happy child with loving same sex parents that love him and keep him safe? Gay parents are no less of a good parent becauseRead MoreAdoption Is Not An Expensive Process1702 Words   |  7 PagesIn the US alone, there are over four hundred thousand children without permanent families and over one hundred thousand waiting to be adopted (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015). Couples who cannot have children and are looking for ways for to have children can ad opt. Children in foster care are alone and in desperate need of someone to love them unconditionally, showing them that no matter what they are wanted. Adoption is one of the ways couples can have children, through theRead MoreThe Debate Over Homosexual Couples941 Words   |  4 Pageschildren will have more challenges in school compared to those raised by heterosexual couples; and, children will tend to have more homosexual behaviors themselves because of what they are exposed to at home. Gary Glenn, president of the American Family Association of Michigan, stated at a debate on same-sex couple’s adoption held by CBS Detroit that â€Å"healthy development of a human child requires having the role model and the care of a mother and a father. It should not be the emotional needs ofRead MoreShould Same Sex Couples Be Allowed to Adopt?954 Words   |  4 Pagesrights as heterosexuals, there should be no notion as to why two people of the same gender in a relationship cannot adopt. Homosexuality is starting to become more accepted into society today, but when it comes to homosexuals wanting to start a family which is an immense concern many people oppose to some people dont believe it is acceptable for homosexuals to be able adopt. There is a huge dilemma that same-sex couple’s homosexuality will influence (Marquardt), the children into becoming gayRead MoreBeing A Single Parent Or Not?1456 Words   |  6 Pagesthink of when you hear the word family? Webster dictionary defines a family as a group of people who are related to each other, a group traditionally consisting of two parents rearing their children, a spouse and children. This definition is now challenged, as the years have gone on the way we think and picture a family has changed. It is no longer a married stay at home mom and bread earning dad with their little son and daughter. Now a family can be a single mom, a single dad, a same sex couple or aRead MoreThe Advantages of Sibling Adoption i n Foster Care Homes over Adopting Single Children: A Comparative Analysis1363 Words   |  5 Pagessibling adoption in foster care homes over adopting single children and splitting siblings for home based adoption. Adopting a child is an important decision. There are two main ways in which child adoption takes place. Siblings can be adopted for the foster care while on the other hand, children with siblings are separated for home based adoptions. In this paper, it will be shown that siblings adoption is much better and more advantageous as compared to single child adoption (1). In most of the cases

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Graduation Speech My Heart Swelled With Delight Essay

Upon recognizing that a primary course requirement of Orientation to Education 206 would ensue an opportunity to conduct field experience — my heart swelled with delight. I am genuinely appreciative of the opportunity to have gained veritable experience of teacher-student interaction and teaching in an actual classroom. Expressly, I primarily conducted my research and experience at the newly opened Michael R. Hollis Innovation Academy in Ms. Brewer and paraprofessional, Ms. Byrd’s pre-kindergarten class. I attended the school with an open, yet full heart willing and ready to take on the issues of the world. With this in mind, my initial impression of the school was comprised of a layered but greatly optimistic analysis. To illustrate, the environmental climate of the school appeared to be refined, clean, spacious, caring and warm. Due to the fact that the mission and visions for the school were visibly shown with great emphasis — them being: â€Å"Collabora tion, Communication, Creativity, Empathy, Self-discipline, Perseverance† — indeed, I felt that I was in the right place. Furthermore, the overall culture of the educators can be characterized as inviting and friendly. Likewise, the students were open to communication, well behaved, and operated as if they had frequent visitors. I realize that in order to gain an holistic and accurate depiction of the school’s environment, it is important that I understand its foundational background. Accordingly, HollisShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesDiversity Management Strategies 56 Attracting, Selecting, Developing, and Retaining Diverse Employees 56 †¢ Diversity in Groups 58 †¢ Effective Diversity Programs 58 Summary and Implications for Managers 60 S A L Self-Assessment Library What’s My Attitude Toward Older People? 40 Myth or Science? â€Å"Dual-Career Couples Divorce Less† 47 An Ethical Choice Religious Tattoos 51 glOBalization! Images of Diversity from Around the Globe 54 Point/Counterpoint Men Have More Mathematical Ability Than Women

The Wife of Bath’s Tale Free Essays

At the climax of The Wife of Bath’s Tale, the sixth tale in Chaucer’s work, an old woman exclaims â€Å"Now lift the curtain, see just how it is.† It is this call to action which seems to govern The Canterbury Tales as a whole. The curtains of pretense hide truths If all the world is a stage, then the performances we give daily are not truly indicative of our innermost thoughts and sentiments. We will write a custom essay sample on The Wife of Bath’s Tale or any similar topic only for you Order Now Behind the stage curtain lay the forces which govern our actions. Social position and past experiences play no small role in how we view the world. The narrative frame Chaucer’s work may revolve around the pilgrimage, an essentially religious experience, but it also presents this group of pilgrims/revelers as a microcosm for society. The archetypes explored and social commentary offered by the author point to an explorationWe are painted a portrait of contemporary customs and perspectives. An undeniable theme in Chaucer’s Tale is the disparity between the ideals of chivalry and the less savory reality of the common people. The holy journey our characters are undertaking is at times sullied by raucousness It is not difficult here to discern who the commoners are from of those with world stature. Whatever camaraderie develops between the characters, social station remains a prominent factor throughout the narrative. While open conflict is rare, we see moments of contempt which offer glimpses into individual prejudices. Behind the drapery of manners that hides a man’s true feelings, there is resentment and all the true dispositions which remain unspoken. It is what lies behind this veneer that is the subject of this paper. Within the interactions of the speakers as well as the tales themselves there can be seen a clashing of worldviews and personalities. Characters— at least the more profane ones— have no problem arguing with and badmouthing each other. The warm mood can be interrupted at times by personal attacks. The nature of these conflicts and Chaucer’s deeper purpose will be examined here, in addition to whether the work should be considered a social commentary or a virtuous Christian tale. How to cite The Wife of Bath’s Tale, Papers

Me, Soccer and the World free essay sample

In every sporting event, one can invariably find a player, a team, a nation, poised to become the next memorable story. This is a story that will survive the test of time and go down in history. The FIFA World Cup is unique, in that, every country can qualify. Have you ever heard of Monaco? I am sure you have heard of England. These are just two of many of the small land pieces spread across a globe that our world has now come to know as Earth. It is the only tournament that can unite the world with its common passion for the sport. It doesn’t matter if you are living in a poverty stricken village or a city where there are endless masses of humans. It is a tournament where everyone celebrates, dances, and rejoices in the streets of their capitals, exulting in the spectacular feats of their players, their teams and their nation. We will write a custom essay sample on Me, Soccer and the World or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page What makes the World cup extraordinary is the national pride that many countries seem to embrace openly. Winning or losing isn’t all the glory. Since the first tentative World Cup in Uruguay in 1930, World Cup history was not only about the winner or winning the title, but about all the stories experienced by many and heard as a â€Å"shot around the world† by others. World Cup history resonates with the past stories that to this day echo through time. Numerous stories of players, teams and nations that surprised the world by achieving the unexpected are witnessed. From the poignant moments of the ecstatic underdogs and the worlds Cinderella teams, to the birth of legends and the excellence of today’s modern football giants. This game we American’s call soccer, where it is futbol to every other single country known to man, brings joy to every nation. If past World Cups are any indication, somebody will commit suicide when his team is eliminated next mont h. It happens every four years. Some Americans wonder why, but its very simple: With soccer, the most desperate kids from Sudan share the same passion as affluent kids in the United States. This past summer, the United States, in a remarkable fashion, went through to the final sixteen of the 2010 World Cup. At a 0-0 draw, with 90 minutes of time flown by and the end of injury time on the horizon, the United States scored in the 92nd minute to win the group and make it to the final 16 of the world. The fans went crazy and many were crying. I was crying. Why am I telling you this? Well this moment in U.S soccer sparked a nationwide interest in the game in which the number of U.S soccer fans rose dramatically. This includes me to where I fell into the game’s deep field of passion and started to play myself. Without playing for 9 years, I tried out for a travel team and made it. This was an incredible boost to my self-confidence and it opened a new heart inside me that I will ne ver let go. This simple moment in the World Cup led me to fall once again in love with the long forgotten sport waiting to burst out of me and it created confidence in everything I now do in everyday life. When I was little, I had a dream of being a surgeon. At about 10 years old, I wanted to become a race car driver. I turned seventeen this past summer as the world cup came to a close. Now I want to be a soccer player. This dream will not change and it will not die. â€Å"I’ve never wanted to leave. I’m here for the rest of my life, and hopefully after that as well. Its why we play the game. Anything is possible, anything can happen, and we proved that again tonight.† This quote from a player after the thriller of a 1-0 by the United States team win inspired me. I never want to leave a soccer field anymore; I will play with a 2 year old or a 50 year old. I don’t care if I have to travel to Austrailia to play soccer or I can play in my backyard. This pas sion defines me as a teenager now. A passion that I never thought would express everything that I am and want to me. And I can reassure you that anything is possible. Can anything can happen? You bet it can and I hope that I am not the only one that has this type of optimism. I am saying this because many people are pessimistic about anything and everything. Optimism is a beauty, having a positive attitude is being smart. And this is what amazes me. Through all the riots, deaths, wins, losses, corruption, and glory, there is only one thing that unites the world. This brief uniting is every 4 years and doesn’t last very long. Enjoy it while it lasts. It unites everyone from the United States, to Africa, through Europe to Asia. Through this re-uniting every 4 years, there comes optimism and cheers of national pride surrounding us. It gave me inspiration, passion, a dream. It’s not about politics, religion, the economy. It’s not about history, trade, oil, gas rights, animal rights or mineral rights. It isn’t about global warming, globalization, elections, NATO or GDP. It’s not about he she said, my land-your land, love or hate. It’s not about hope or change, the stock market. It is not about communism, socialism, or capitalism. This is about the 1 month, every 4 years where we all agree on ONE thing: 32 nations, 1 world watching, the FIFA World Cup.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Strategic Management Enhance Your Companies Productivity

Questions: 1) How would the strategic management model be helpful to you in identifying and securing the most promising position? 2) Critically explain how you might use value chain analysis, resource-based view and SWOT analysis to get a better sense of what might be a firms key building blocks for a successful strategy? 3) Describe two organizations you have been part of based on differences in their organizational cultures? 4) Think about your post graduation job search as a strategic decision. How would the strategic management model be helpful to you in identifying and securing the most promising position? Answers: 1. The business strategies relating to international investments vary from the domestic ones because of many differences within the business environment. Several factors are responsible behind adoption of strategies such as political environment, legal constraints, cultural differences, economic environment, etc. Thus, for any firm that aims at investing abroad needs to make several strategic decisions. The very first decision that a firm must make is regarding the need to expand business abroad or not. The decision is based on several factors like present as well as future opportunities, market opportunities, company resources like competencies, skills, production, financial support, marketing capabilities, key objectives of the firm, etc. Some of the key strategies that would be discussed in terms of competitive strategies of firms aiming at international markets are niche market exporting, licensing as well as contract manufacturing, joint ventures, and wholly owned subsidiaries. Niche market exporting The primary approach of niche market exporting for a specific organization which needs to export is by modifying selective product performance or measurement attributes to special demands of international markets. This is the most traditional mean to enter a new international market. It is referred to as a perfect strategy in the presence on or more of the given conditions size and volume of the international market is not big enough for justifying production within the international market, production cost is quite high in the international market, international market is attributed by problems such as infrastructural, material supplies, etc, political risks in the host country, and lack of interest of the company to continue with the host country to continue long period. Within international licensing, an organization in one country allows another one in another country to utilize its own intellectual property such as trademarks, patents, technology, copyrights or any specific skill. The financial benefit that the licensor enjoys is the royalty that the licensee pays. This strategy enables and organization in one country to get easy access to a firm in a different country with much convenience. On the other hand, management contracting is a strategy that brings supplier together with the package of skills for providing integrated service to customers without any risk or benefit of the ownership. This allows a firm to commercialize present conditions which have been developed with significant investments as well as effect of fluctuations within business volumes may be lessened by hiring experienced personnel. Joint ventures This is the most common strategy to enter the international market. It presents combination of subsets of assets as contributed by business entities for specified business demands. This has specific attributes like all the partners contribute by finance, effort, property, skill, knowledge or any other assets. The partners have joint property interest in all ventures, and they possess the right to share property and right to mutual management of property. Firms that possess long term substantial interest within international market usually create wholly-owned subsidiaries. This provides the firm with full control upon production as well as quality. Such a strategy does not have the risk of growing key competitors unlike that of licensing or contractual manufacturing. If increased capital investment is to be rewarded, organizational managers need to achieve excessive knowledge about the market, the host nations language, and culture and environment. Alterations in standards mandated by foreign regulations can remove a firms protected market niche. This strategy enables and organization in one country to get easy access to a firm in a different country with much convenience. 2. It is important to focus on the analyses on an individual basis for effective usage of those analyses in determining the key strategies for an organization. Firstly, as per the resource-based view of the a firm, it is lot more feasible for exploiting external opportunities by using present opportunities in innovative way instead of acquiring new skills for each opportunity. In this model, resources such as tangible and intangible assets play key role in supporting firms to attain increased organizational performance. For any firm to exceed in the long run, it must leverage its core resources as well as capabilities of establishing differentiation within the marketplace. Effective analysis of resources enables maximization of the resources and elimination of lesser valued ones. Similarly, value chain analyses deals with all profitable activities that a firm engages in, right from inbound logistics, moving through operations, outbound logistics, sales and marketing, and finally serv ice. With this analysis, firms may develop competitive advantage. With controlling costs as well as improvement of efficiency in logistics processes, a firm may be at a better position to earn more profit. Effective marketing and sales lead to increased profits. Potential customer management adds to the business profitability. An optimized value chain serves a business in the best manner. On the other hand, SWOT analysis is a useful framework used to analyze a firms strengths as well as weaknesses, opportunities and threats. This analysis enables a market researcher to emphasize and use strengths, reduce threats, and make the most of the available opportunities. It is greatly useful in effective strategy formulation in a much sophisticated manner. It provides understanding of the key competitors and gives an insight into the approach to craft successful competitive position. The above mentioned analyses majorly focus upon the internal activities. The analyses that would determine the competitive advantages as well as disadvantages of a firm include the following: By analyzing series of internal activities as well as enhancing these to add value to the final product By effective management of available resources, capabilities, and skills, based on the strengths as well as weaknesses of the firm With analysis of the customer needs, how key competitors offer, and ways to satisfy customers in a more effective way By altering the strategic approaches based on the product life cycle, for instance creating awareness within introducing and causing brand awareness in leading to growth By analyzing all available internal sources as well as abilities, and responding effectively to the key threats that enable a firm to develop strategic competitive advantage To sum up, a single building block is deeper insight into the starting position of a firm, how it was created. It is also important to view upon how the future can unfold by means of forecasting. By combination of both the aspects of early initiation and that of future perspective, several alternative ways may be developed and implemented. Once a strategy is selected, the firm needs to create an action plan as well as allocate resources for delivering those. Creation of strategies in the present environment is quite complex, and thorough study and analyses are required before plunging into the action plan. 3. Organizational culture refers to the basic pattern of shared assumptions, beliefs, and values which means the exact way to think of and also act on problems as well as opportunities that an organization faces. This defines what is important and what is not within an organization. It is a common phenomenon that organizations would have different cultures and beliefs. Often organizations differ in the respective cultural content or the relative ordering of beliefs, assumptions, and beliefs. In this context, two organizations can be mentioned of that differ in their organizational cultures. These are Nokia Corp. and The corporate culture of Nokia is one of the strategic as well as competitive advantages. Its catch phrase Connecting People has been symbolic of its culture that enables defining of the purpose of the available physical facilities. It has built a strong corporate image for itself. It has the utmost potential ability to sustain high product style as well as demonstrating its worldwide technological leader. Nokia prides itself upon four core values as well as principles that places within the heart of its cultural philosophy: customer satisfaction, individual respect, goal achievement, and continuous learning. With creation of opportunities for the fluid exchange of innovative ideas as well as empowerment of employees, clients, suppliers, business partners, and others for developing and also expanding effective relationships. The company had defined a new model not just to assure corporate success, but to manage its needs for corporate real estates. Ever since the beginning of the jou rney, the company had faced the challenge to develop a clear, desirable workplace, along with a design which mirrored the effective culture, vision, and values of the Nokia group. The company had been actively considering the development of a touch-screen smart-phone some few years ago, that may have killed off the iPhone within its very tracks. However, the prevailing culture of avoiding of risk, conservatism, inertia, all acted against the investment. The company emphasizes upon the speed as well as flexibility of its decision-making processes. It is said to be somewhat flat-networked organization with some level of bureaucracy. There is availability of equal opportunities as well as active employee participation. It has been identified from the culture of Nokia Corp that the management is well aware of the fact that one of the key ways to align culture to organizations strategy is by practicing leadership. The leaders at all level must know about the required culture and graduall y set plans to follow those procedures and practices which would reflect the aimed culture. The leaders know the importance to pay close attention to the means and processes of communication. On the other hand, the organizational culture of may be reflected upon to contrast between the two cultures. The leadership principles of Amazon are varied for several reasons. Firstly, these are practically usable. These may be used at most situations of trade-offs, strategic development, and areas to be developed. The culture is quite authentic that leads to its increased growth. One of the key attributes of is customer obsession. Unlike many other companies, the motive to customer satisfaction holds quite true for Amazon, as per the research study. The motive has a real value at Amazon, but not certainly the only one. Another value of the company is ownership that is referred to the idea of not compromising the long-term goals for achieving short-term achievements. By incorporating favorable terms as well as increased use of leverage within the market, the company has been balancing all its long-term benefits towards customers as well as shareholders along wi th quick customer effect. To contrast the organizational cultures amidst the two organizations, Nokia Corp. and that of, it may be identified that since Nokia is a company that has strengthens in the product development, the organizational culture is aligned to the needs of the customer demands and market requirements. With innovative product development, the company aims at achieving strong customer base. On the other hand, in Amazon, the company aims at serving the customers in the best way possible to capture a large target group. The culture is dedicated to understand the customer behavior and that of the ethical aspects of services. The culture at Amazon is much more practically viewed and pursued as compared to that of Nokia. The company Nokia emphasizes upon the speed as well as flexibility of its decision-making processes. It is said to be somewhat flat-networked organization with some level of bureaucracy. However, the motive of customer obsession has a real value at Amazon, but not certai nly the only one. Another value of the company is ownership that is referred to the idea of not compromising the long-term goals for achieving short-term achievements. 4. Strategic management model means the mode or pattern of strategic approach. As per such a model, various steps are designed for achievement of desired objectives of a firm. As mentioned in the given situation of post-graduation job search as a strategic decision, a model of strategic management may be developed for the purpose of job search. It involves formulation as well as implementation of plans of strategic management. In case of my post graduation job search, I need to use a model of strategic management that may be useful for me to secure the most promising position. The strategies would be based on the convenience and feasibility of the access to desired organization. For securing the promising position it is important to compare and contrast personal qualifications, skills and competencies, with that of the organizational requirements and specifications. There are some steps in the development on such a strategic management model, namely: Mission To initiate with the model, the first step is to specify the mission. The mission here is to attain a job after post graduation course. Not only attaining a job, the mission also includes achieving a promising position in the professional field. Objectives The process of post graduation job search has been considered a strategic decision. This strategic decision therefore needs a strategic planning model. The key objective is to seek a job after the post graduation course and also secure a promising position in the professional field. Situation Analysis Once the objectives have been laid clearly, various situations are to be analyzed like that of availabilities of various opportunities at different organizations, job descriptions, and job specifications. This analysis is carried out by either Pest analysis, SWOT analysis to assess the internal as well as external environments of the organizations, related customer and stakeholder information, and also products and services. The acquired information is to be compared with the desired objectives and aims, and then decision is to be taken regarding which organization to join to pursue further accomplishments. Formulation of Strategies Once the organization is decided upon to be pursued, it is important to formulate strategies to access entrance to the specific organization. The strategies would be based on the convenience and feasibility of the access to desired organization. For securing the promising position it is important to compare and contrast personal qualifications, skills and competencies, with that of the organizational requirements and specifications. The post graduation job search seeks to go through a series of steps to approach different organizations of preference. Actions plans are suitable for converting general strategies into desired actions. 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